Lesson 12: ¿Haces algún deporte?

Lesson 12

¿Haces algún deporte?

You’re going to find…

Grammar: Pretérito Perfecto Simple (Usage)

Vocabulary: Deportes

Dialogue: ¿Haces algún deporte?


Something about Spain and South America and a Little Tip!





How can we talk about the past in Spanish? Well, we have to learn how to conjugate the pretérito perfecto simple. We use it in order to:

–          Express COMPLETED ACTIONS that happened in the past.

–          Tell old stories.

We’re going to understand better its usage when we’re going to learn the pretérito perfecto compuesto. Anyway, in many countries, such as México or Argentina, people always use the pretérito perfecto simple, I mean, they use it when they need to express completed actions that happened in the past but they also use it instead of the pretérito perfecto compuesto.




A: ¿Haces algún deporte? (Do you practice any sport?)

B: Sí, …

…juego al fútbol (I play football)

…juego a tenis (I play tennis)

…juego a vóleibol  (I play volleyball)

…juego a baloncesto (I play basketball)

…juego a béisbol (I play baseball)

…juego a balonmano (I play handball)

…juego a hockey sobre hielo/sobre hierba (I play ice hockey/field hockey)

…juego al polo acuático (I play water polo)


…hago artes marciales (I practice martial arts)

…nado (I swim)

…voy al gimnasio (I go to the gym)

…bailo (I dance)

…hago equitación (I practice horse riding)

…esquío (I ski)


Otros deportes:

Montañismo (mountaineering)

Escalada (climbing)

Atletismo (track and field athletics)

Automovilismo (auto racing)

Remo (rowing)

Ciclismo (cycling)

Carrera (jogging)


Gimnasia artística (artistic gymnastics)

Motociclismo (motorcycle sport)

Patinaje sobre ruedas/hielo (Roller stating/ice skating)

Boxeo (boxing)

Deportes acuáticos (water sports)

Tiro con arco (archery)



  1. ¿Haces algún deporte?

Alejandro: 2. Luke, ¿tú haces algún deporte?

Luke: 3. Sí, hago kendo, un arte marcial japonés. 4. Y tú?

Alejandro? 5. Yo juego a baloncesto.

Luke: 6. ¡Mark también! 7. ¿Por qué no jugáis juntos?


EJERCICIOS (key at the end of the lesson)

1.      Translate the dialogue

Respuestas exactas: …/14 (2 points for every right answer)

2.     ¿Te gusta hacer deporte? Escribe un texto (menos de 100 palabras) contando de tu deporte favorito. 

3.     ¿Qué deporte están haciendo?

























Respuestas exactas: …/6



Deportes en España y en Latino América

Uno de los deportes más amado de España y de Latino América es el fútbol. En España, por ejemplo, dos de los equipos más famosos son el Real Madrid y el Barcelona. Los argentinos son otros apasionados de fútbol y, para ellos, ese deporte es casi una religión. Dos de los equipos más conocidos son el Boca Juniors y el River Plate. El baloncesto y los artes marciales son otros deportes muy practicados.

Olé y El Mundo Deportes

Para aprender las frases y las expresiones deportivas españolas utilizadas por los periodistas, lee las páginas web de www.ole.com.ar y de www.elmundo.es/elmundodeporte/. Si te gusta el deporte, descubrirás todas las noticias que te interesan y aprovecharás para ampliar tus conocimientos del idioma español.


1. 1.Do you practice any sport?2.Luke, do you practice any sport?3.Yes, I practice kendo, a Japanese martial art.4.What about you?5.I play basketball.6.Mark, too!7.Why don’t you play together?

3. Escalada/Hockey sobre hierba/Esquí/Carrera/Taekwondo (arte marcial)/Vóleibol.

Respuestas exactas: …/20

Si tus respuestas exactas son 18/20, ¡felicitaciones!

Si tus respuestas exactas son 15/17, ¡venga, puedes hacerlo mejor!

Si tus respuestas exactas son menos de 14, vuelve a intentarlo: seguramente te va a ir mejor. 



Madrid, the Intoxicating Cocktail of the Tradition and the Modern

The haunting beauty of the guitars, the whirling flamingo dancer, the raging bulls and the strutting matadors – the Spanish capital of Madrid is a unique blend of the old and the new. As you walk along the streets of this beautiful city, you are buffeted a contrast of the old world charm and the brashness of the modern.

The city has really a lot to offer to the tourist. But, once you have landed here, where do you start? Let’s take a quick look at the must visit places in Madrid.

Calle de Atocha

The Calle de Atocha is the main street of Madrid which runs from the Plaza Major in central Madrid to Pareodel Prado, the area where the Atocha train station is located and beyond. As you stroll along this busiest street of Madrid, it’s as if you have been suddenly transported into the Middle Ages. Your walk would also give you a view of the building which houses the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture. With its gorgeous white facade and the sculpture of the raring white horses looming over the Spanish skyline, this beautiful building is a breathtaking view.

The Royal Botanical Garden

If you wish to take a detour to the Garden of Eden, then don’t miss the Real Jardin Botanica or the Royal Botanical Garden in the Prado district of the city. Spread over almost 20 acres of land, this beauty is 250 years old and houses nearly 30,000 varieties of exotic flora from places as distant as South America, Japan, as well as European countries and many other places. Walking into the Royal Gardens is like suddenly being transported from a busy and modern city into a tropical paradise.

Prado Museum

After refreshing your minds with the soothing beauty of nature, it’s time to step into the world where this beauty is preserved in color by the master artists of the world. Yes, we have reached the Prado museum, one of the most visited tourist’s attractions of the world. The Museo Del Prado has one of the largest permanent collections in the world and is regarded as one of the most prestigious art museums around. Master pieces by the great Spanish, Italian and Flemish masters of both the past and the present adorn the walls of this museum. Rubens, Goya, Bosch and Velazquez are just some of the renowned painters whose works are exhibited here.

Retiro Park

Tired from walking around the Prado Museum? Well, go to the nearby Retiro Park to relax and soothe your aching limbs. You have the option of just lying beneath one of the trees that decorate this place or take a bicycle ride through its charming roads. Puppet shows, live music, sports, all these and more can be enjoyed here. You can even take a boat ride through the artificial lake on the northern side of the park, the Estanque Del Retiro. And don’t forget to visit the Palacio de Cristal, or the Crystal Palace on the banks of the lake. Modeled after the Crystal Palace in London, this beautiful monument used to house exotic plants in the past; but now it is used for exhibitions of a temporary nature.

The Clock Tower

To the southern side of the Peurta Del Sol, one of the busiest squares of Madrid, in the Ministry of Interior building is the large bell tower. Each New Year eve, residents of Madrid as well as millions of tourists from all over the world assemble in this square to welcome in the New Year. Well, if you turn back the pages of history, the basement of this magnificent building which at present is a major tourist attraction, would ring out with the agonized cries of the tortured human beings during the Fascist period.

The Royal Palace

A visit to Madrid is never complete without a look at the Royal Palace. The Palacio Real is one of the oldest and most impressive palaces in Europe. With more than 2,000 breathtaking and luxurious rooms, the royal palace was modeled on the Versailles Palace in Paris. Fifty of these are open to the public.

If you want to be taken back in times to the forgotten era of resplendent luxury Madrid is the place to go to.

The Pearls of Barcelona

Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia, is the second largest city in Spain, behind Madrid.  This city is thriving with life, dynamic religious structures, spirited culture, amazing cuisine and spectacular vistas.

This wonderful city offers an assortment of adventures which are sure to check off the WOW-factor sensations on your list!  

Tibidabo Hill

Tibidabo Hill offers magnificent and picturesque views over the city.  It’s not just a mountain or hill, but an experience.

On your way to Tibidabo Hill, stop by the amazing Science Museum of Barcelona.

You will be able to ride the funicular atop Mount Tibidabo where you’ll discover an amusement park for children, and Barcelona’s most well adorned landmark, Sagrada Cor, with its stunning murals.

There is also the Automata Museum, Collserola Tower, the Observatory Fabra, and the Church Choir of Sagra. 

Gothic Quarter

Barrio Gòtico is full of life with its carefree cafes and artistic bars.  There are several must-sees here.

Take a stroll through La Seu Cathedral.  The inside of the cathedral is quite striking but the gentle alleyways such as Plaça Sant Felip Neri , with its charming fountain, and Carrer del Bisbe, with its neo-gothic overpass, offer up a most enjoyable outdoor delight.

When taking in the Gothic Quarter, consider a walking tour which will unearth the backdoor of Barcelona, and its historic significance.

A very popular tourist attraction is Barrio Gòtico’s institution, the neo-Gothic Cerveseria, which dates back to the 1890s.  This bar is where some of Picasso’s first works of art were held. 

Plaça del Pi is one of Barcelona’s most attractive squares.  Take in the shops, or enjoy a meal off one of the café terraces.

You’ll experience amazing architecture, market stalls, gothic churches, and artists lulling on deck chairs, all within walking distance.

Museu d’Historia de La Ciutat is a great museum to visit as it is said that it is the place where Christopher Columbus made an appearance after returning from the new world.  Here, there are ancient Roman remains, very old relics and literature which map out the capital’s primitive history through the takeover by the Moors. 

Las Ramblas

Las Ramblas is considered Barcelona’s most celebrated street.  Take in the dynamic architecture, check out a show, marvel at the many street performers, enjoy a beer and take pleasure in the lively ambiance.

If you’re looking for a great place to eat, head over to the La Boqueria Market.  Choose from a variety of fresh fruit, or stroll to the back of the market where you’ll find excellent small restaurants with superb food and amazing tapas.

The street performers are a main attraction alone.  As you promenade through the streets, you’ll encounter many human-like sculptures.  The costumes are colorful and a bit bizarre, but entertaining nonetheless.

If you have time, take in a show at the Liceu.  Even though the performances carry an operatic tone, non-operatic performances are given throughout the year.

Placa Reial is a gorgeous plaza – a great place to enjoy your coffee and take in the unique architecture.

If you’re looking for a cool place to party, check out Sidecar, located in Placa Reial – great energy and a vibrant atmosphere.

The Magic Fountain of Montjuic

Yes, it’s just a water fountain, BUT… not just any water feature.  This awe-inspiring and stunning fountain astounds with its music and multicolored lights.

Jets of water delight as its mist jets in coordination with the music and lights.

In the evening, the lights dance to the rhythm of the music which plays an eclectic mix of melodies – everything from The Godfather, to Mozart – very cool, indeed.

The attention-grabbing visual effects make the entire experience memorable and jaw-dropping.

El Born

The La Palau de la Musica Catalana is a must-see.  This magnificent opera house is coated with vivid and multicolored mosaics.  The acoustics are astounding and the paintings and glass cupola are simply striking.

Picasso is Spain’s most famous painter and it is here, at the Picasso Museum, in El Born, where you can be in awe of his wonderful cubist paintings and early sketches.

Stroll through the medieval palaces on Carrer Montcada, which are where wealthy aristocracy dwelled during the medieval times.  These fine palaces are lined with remarkable architecture and history.

How about a cocktail?  In the evening, the streets of El Born are full of fashionable and good-looking people ready to party at any one of the stylish cocktail bars.  A good one to try is La Fianna.  It offers Happy Hour at two-for-one specials.

Chocolate lovers, you’ve got to check out El Born’s Chocolate Museum on Carrer Comerc, and for spa lovers, relax at Baños Arabes – an elegant 18th-century building looking out over Ciutadela Park.  Soothe your tired feet and melt away your energetic day within an Arabian bath-like setting.

There is so much to see and experience while in Barcelona and the places and attractions listed here are guaranteed to fill your picture story book with wonderful and rich memories.

Top 5 Places to Visit While in Spain

Spain – a dynamic country, sure to breathe a breath of fresh air into any traveler’s wish for exciting adventures, great food and vibrant culture.  From running with the bulls in Madrid, to participating in the world’s largest tomato fight in Valencia, Spain is a playground filled with historic architecture, amazing cuisine and lively festivals.

While in Spain there is so much to take in.  To get the most out of your trip, include into your itinerary, cities and places that will allow you to sample and experience the best that Spain has to offer.


Serving as the capital of Spain, Madrid, the country’s largest city is a multi-faceted metropolis that encompasses the finest in dining, entertainment, architecture and museums.

The city is admired for its 73 museums featuring the “Golden Triangle”, which is an assemblage of art museums, sure to excite and thrill any lover of art!

This assembly of museums include:  Museum Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, the Thyssen-Bornemisza and the legendary Prado.  This museums carries some of the most distinguished art in the world including:  Goya’s Naked Maja and Clothed Maja, Velázquez’s Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor), Bosch’s The Garden of Delights. 

Some of the amazing artists featured there are:  Fra Angelico, Raphael, El Greco, and Flemish artists such as: Van Dyck, Bosch and Rubens.

A visit to the Palacio Real (Royal Palace), Old Madrid, Retiro Park, the gardens, and the city’s incredible and world-famous plazas are all must-sees while in Madrid. 


The city is undoubtedly, the most popular destination in Spain.  Take a stroll down Las Ramblas, and incredibly popular street in Barcelona which covers the Gothic Quarter and the ‘barrios’ of La Ribera.

Along the stretch of Las Ramblas, you’ll experience vintage cafes and performances by the celebrated Las Ramblas Street Performers which perform throughout the main road.

Another great place is the underground Arabic grottos in El Born right next to Ciutadella Park.  There, you’ll experience Aire de Barcelona, a striking and gorgeous spa retreat.

Barcelona also boasts many wonderful plazas:

  • Plaça Sant Vicenç is well known for its café terraces and popular oyster bar
  • Plaça del Sol features a host of bars and restaurants
  • Plaça Sarrià is a very happening square which highlights Sardana dancing, with antique markets and books during the weekend
  • Other wonderful plazas include: Plaça Sant Vicenç, Plaça del Diamant, Plaça de Virreina, Plaça George Orwell, Plaça Reial and Plaça del Pi


This city is truly striking and is known as a vacation spot for locals.  There you will see dramatic and breath-taking views, beautiful weather during the summer, and free tapas with each beer you purchase!

The city is also home to the Moorish Alhambra.  There are two unique sections – The Fortress Complex and the Generalife Gardens.

Within the Fortress Complex:

  • Museo de Bellas Artes – Fine art museum
  • Nasrid Palace – The Palaces of  Mexuar (Moorish Palaces) and  Moorish architecture

Within the Generalife Gardens:

  • Gardens and orchards which encircle the villas

In addition, Granada offers some of the most superb flamenco performances in the region, and during the winter, the Sierra Nevada Mountains provide for some of the best winter sports.


Spain features some of the best festivals in the world and no matter what time of year you’re visiting, you’re sure to encounter one of them, if not many!

  • Carnival Tenerife in   Tenerife, Canary         Islands  (February)     –          compared to    festivals          given in Rio de Janeiro
  • Las Fallas Festival in             Valencia (March         15th – 19th) – raucous party filled with         firework displays
  • Semana Santa in Seville & Malaga, Andalucia (on the week prior to Easter Sunday) – a religious type parade celebrating images of La Macarena , Jesús El Gran Poder, and Triana
  • Feria de Abril in Seville, Andalucia (April) – riders and their horses, tents, food, music and the traditional parade
  • Fiesta San Isidro in Madrid (May 2nd – 15th) – outdoor dances and bullfight festival
  • St. John’s Bonfires in Alicante, Costa Blanca (June 20th) – bon fires, entertainment, fireworks and parades
  • Sant Joan Festival in Menorca, Balearic Islands (June 23rd – 24th) – very vibrant event with riders and their horses as the main attraction
  • San Fermín Fiestas & running of the bulls in Pamplona – July 6th – 14th
  • La Tomatina, Tomato Fight Festival in Valencia (on the last Wednesday of August) – a big tomato fight
  • Castellers – La Mercè Festival in Barcelona (September 24th) – the local’s festival 


This city is the party mecca of Spain.  It’s all about long days on the beach and clubbing at night.

Warm, translucent, deep blue water, with gorgeous sea views and brilliant coastline, makes for a well-liked destination for divers.

A must-see in Ibiza is the Hippy Market where you’ll find East Asian silver jewelry, leather moccasins, colorful wraps and trinkets.

There are a number of lovely spas for detoxing, yoga, meditation and overall beauty indulgence.

The Can Marça Caves are absolutely astounding with its gold and yellow tones, and at the center is a fantastic Music & Light Show amid a 30 ft. waterfall of brilliant and sparkling water.

Check out Dalt Vila, a medieval romantic castle, and later, head to Ibiza’s bustling night life.

It’s a festive experience at night as you’ll encounter fetish shops, many gay bars, hippie-chic boutiques, all along the Calle de la virgin. 

If the “festive experience” is a bit too robust for you, head over to one of three diverse restaurant districts in Ibiza Town which offer fine dining at its best.

  • Dalt Vila (the old walled town) – historic with a romantic drawbridge which leads you to the plaza and restaurants
  • Sa Penya (the old fishermen’s quarter) – cobbled stone streets filled with restaurants and bars
  • The Portpositioned around the water’s edge, has upscale cafes, restaurants and bars along with an upscale price!  The Port marks the spot where club parades begin.

Spain as a Travel Destination

The History of Spain

Spain has a long and distinctive past. This unique country has been occupied by many regimes including:  the Phoenicians; the Romans; the Suevi; the Vandals; the Alans; the Visigoths; and the Arab-Muslims.

During the 1400s, Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon, whom were Catholic Monarchs, married, thus the reign began over the Spanish Empire.  However by the 1930s, the people of Spain no longer wanted a Monarchy and so The Republic was created on April 14, 1931.

The Republic was riddled with political, social and economic discord.  The country would fall into a world filled with war and dictatorship which lasted over forty years.  Once Dictator, General Francisco Franco died in 1975, the Monarchy government was reestablished giving way to a western-style democracy which has developed the country, and today, ranks twelfth in the world on its economy and commands the tenth highest quality of life index rating in the world.

Spain is also a member of several global organizations including:  the United Nations, European Union, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, World Trade Organization and others.

Climate of Spain

You can expect three main climate variations in Spain.  If you are along the peninsula or coastal regions, it is more prone to a Mediterranean climate, with dry and very warm summers, beautiful autumns and springs and mild winters.

In the southeastern portion of the country where the Ebro valley and Murcia is located; the climate can be referred to as semiarid; a desert-like heat, with very hot summers and mild to warm winters.

The north quarter of the country where Cantabria, Basque Country, Asturias and portions of Galicia are located, you can expect what is known as oceanic climate; where the summer, spring, autumn and winter seasons are determined by the ocean, though you can anticipate mostly warm summers and cool winters.

Your Visa to Spain

If you are a citizen of the European Union (EU), which means the country that you maintain citizenship in, you will not be required to attain a visa to enter Spain.  You are allowed to stay up to 90 days within a six month period.

If the country that you maintain citizenship in is not a part of the EU, you will be required to attain a visa to enter Spain unless there have been special arrangements made between Spain and your home country.   Your local consulate will have visa applications and can assist you with this process.  You’ll need to apply for and have in hand, your visa prior to travel.

All travelers are required to carry a passport.  It is recommended that you have at least two full blank pages in the visa section prior to traveling.  Often times, you may have to travel through another country or region before arriving in Spain and this country may require the necessary stamps within your passport/visa section.

Also, check with your airline to determine whether or not you’ll need a transit visa.  Countries that you may pass through on the way to Spain may require it.

Lastly, always check with your local consulate prior to travel to inquire about any visa updates.

Currency of Spain

The Euro is the currency of Spain.  Spain also accepts major credit cards such as your Visa, MasterCard or American Express in major stores and some restaurants – if using your credit card, there will be a surcharge, fee or rate comparable to what you would pay normally when purchasing with your card.

Using your ATM card in Spain will work and the fees will be comparable to exchanging currency at a bank.

If you need to exchange currency in Spain:

  • any major bank will work;
  • if you own an American Express card, seek out their local office; or
  • if you’re looking for the best currency exchange rate, seek out reputable exchange offices which handle most currencies and usually have a better rate of exchange.  The best ways to find these offices are, inquiring with your hotel concierge, or if you are traveling with a tour group reach out to your guide.

The Language

The official language of Spain is Spanish.  If you’re not already familiar with the dialect, it’s always customary to familiarize yourself with the native language of any country you’re visiting; learning main words and phrases will help you adapt and feel more comfortable during your adventure.

It is suggested that you take a basic on-line Spanish tutorial; pick up a “how to” book or, if you’re savvy you can pick of the language once you’re in Spain, as Spanish is considered one of the easier languages to grasp, and friendly natives of the region may assist you along.

Traveling to Spain

Air travel is always the best and most economic way to travel to Spain.  Always try and book a few weeks or months in advance as you are pretty much guaranteed an awesome deal.

Once you’re in Spain, you will have access to the country’s train system, buses, and taxis.  Renting a car is always an option – an expensive option but it may suit you if you plan on exploring some of Spain’s regions that aren’t easily accessible by train or bus.

The largest airport in Spain is Barajas Airport in Madrid.

Cities to Visit While in Spain

  • Madrid – diverse and very friendly
  • Barcelona – borders France with great beaches
  • Sevilla – stylish city with great cuisine and night life
  • Granada –  stunning gardens and Moorish palaces
  • Valencia – great festivals – i.e. Las Fallas

Lesson 11: ¿Qué estás haciendo?

You’re going to find …


Vocabulary: ROPA

Diálogo: ¡REBAJAS!


Something about Spain and South America and a little tip!




We already know the verb ESTAR (To stay): it’s an irregular Spanish verb. Do we remember how to conjugate it?

Yo estoy

Tú/Vos estás

Él/Ella/Usted está

Nosotros-as estamos

Vosotros-as estáis

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes están

If somebody asks you “what are you doing?”, you will probably answer “I’m …-ing”.

How can we say that in Spanish? How can we say that we’re doing something RIGHT NOW?

What are you doing? = ¿Qué estás haciendo?

I’m …-ing” = Estoy … -ando/-iendo. 


A: ¿Qué estás haciendo?

B: Estoy estudiando.

A: ¿Qué estáis haciendo?

B: Estamos saliendo.

The Spanish verbs which end in -ndo belong to the so-called GERUNDIO, a tense which corresponds to the English verbs which end in -ing.

How can we form it?

Root of the verb + -ando (for the verbs which end in -ar)

Root of the verb + -iendo (for the verbs which end in -er and -ir)


Estar: Estando (est+ando)

Amar: Amando (am+ando)

Beber: Bebiendo (beb+iendo)

Salir: Saliendo (sal+iendo)


– Verbs with the change of the vowel O–>U

  • Poder: Pudiendo

    Dormir: Durmiendo

    Morir: Muriendo

    – Verbs with the change of the vowel E –>I (only -ir verbs)

  • Mentir: Mintiendo

    Reir: Riendo

    Servir: Sirviendo

    Decir: Diciendo

    Seguir: Siguiendo

    Preferir: Prefiriendo

    – Verbs with a I –>Y change (-er and -ir verbs)

  • Leer: Leyendo

    Ir: Yendo

    Construir: Construyendo

    Traer: Trayendo

    Oir: Oyendo

    Exercise yourself, talk and you will learn them all!


    Ropa (Clothes)

    What I’m wearing today?

    Lo que estoy llevando hoy …


    … una sudadera (a sweater)

    … una camiseta (a shirt, a t-shirt)

    … una camisa (a shirt/blouse)

    … una chaqueta (a jacket)

    … un blazer (a blazer)

    … un abrigo (a coat)

    … un trench (a trench)

    … una chaqueta de punto/una rebeca (a cardigan)

    … un vestido (a dress)

    … un traje (a suit)

    Low part of the body

    … unos pantalones (pants)

    … unos vaqueros (jeans)

    … una falda (skirt)

    … unos shorts (shorts)

    … unos leggings/jeggings (leggings/jeggings)

    … un traje de baño (a swimsuit)

    … zapatos (shoes)



    Michelle se va de compras …

    Alejandro: 1. ¿Qué estás haciendo?

    Michelle: 2. Me estoy yendo de compras. 3. Han empezado las rebajas.

    Alejandro: 4. ¿Qué quieres comprar?

    Michelle: 5. Un abrigo, una chaqueta de cuero, unos zapatos y ropa para todos los días.

    Alejandro: 6. ¡No gastes demasiado dinero!

    Ejercicio (key at the end of the lesson)

    1. Translate the dialogue

    Respuestas correctas: … /12 (2 points for every right answer)

    EJERCICIOS (key at the end of the lesson)

    2. Write 10 sentences using the gerundio

    3. Write the gerundio of the following verbs









     Respuestas correctas: … /8

    4. The following sentences have got some mistakes. Find them and correct them.

    a) Alicia está ollendo.

    b) Sara y Guillermo están llendo a la playa.

    c) Silvia está salendo de su casa.

    d) Tú estás dormiendo.

    e) Vosotros no estáis leendo.

    Respuestas correctas: …/5

    5. Write a short text! (less than 100 words)

    ¿Qué lleva puesto esta chica?


    Spanish school and university

    Spanish school system:

    Educación infantil (0-6 years)

    Educación primaria (6-12 years)

    Educación secundaria (12-16 years)

    Bachillerato (16-18 years)

    The new university system is the following:

    Grado (you get a degree after four years)

    Máster (it lasts two years and it’s a specialization course after the grado)

    Doctorado (it’s a specialization course after the máster).


    Read out the things you’re studying: your brain will memorize faster and your pronunciation will get better.

    Lee en voz alta lo que estás estudiando: tu cerebro va a memorizar todo más rápidamente y tu pronunciación va a mejorar también. 


    1. 1. What are you doing? 2. I’m going shopping. 3. The sales are on. 4. What do you want to buy? 5. A coat, a leather jacket, shoes and daily clothes. 6. Don’t spend too much money!

    3. Escribiendo, yendo, leyendo, oyendo, muriendo, durmiendo, saliendo, pudiendo

    4. a) Alicia está oyendo/b) Sara y Guillermo están yendo a la playa/c) Silvia está saliendo de su cassa/d) Tú estás durmiendo/ e) Vosotros no estáis leyendo.

    Respuestas correctas: …/25

    If your right answers are 23-25, great job!

    If your right answers are 18-22, correct your mistakes. 

    If your right answers are less than 17, review the whole lesson and try again to succeed!

Lesson 10: Tiendas

You’re going to find…

Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo: Irregular Verbs

Vocabulario: Tiendas (Shops)



Something About Spain and South America and a Little Tip!



We’re lucky!

This tense has got only two irregular verbs: ser and ir. We learnt the conjugation of ser in the last lesson. In this lesson we’re going to see the conjugation of ir.

In the next lesson we’re going to begin to learn the pretérito indefinido which is a little bit more difficult than the pretérito imperfecto. Anyway, I’m sure you won’t have any problem!



Yo iba

Tú ibas

Él/Ella/Usted iba

Nosotros-as íbamos

Vosotros-as ibais

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes iban




¡Vamos de compra! (Let’s go shopping!)

Supermercado (Supermarket)


Centro comercial or Shopping* (Shopping center)

Verdulería (Fruit and vegetable store)


Carnicería (Butcher’s shop)

Mercado (Market)


Pescadería (Fish shop)

Panadería (Baker’s shop)

Tienda de ropa (Clothes shop)

Tienda de zapatos (Shoes shop)

Perfumería (Perfumery)

* In some South America’s countries, it’s more common the use of negocio instead of tienda and the use of shopping instead of centro comercial.



Michelle y Sophie están en el centro comercial…

Michelle: 1. ¿Vamos a la tienda de ropa?

Sophie: 2. Vale.

Michelle: 3. Quiero comprar un vestido para la fiesta de esta noche.

Sophie: 4. ¿De qué color lo quieres?

Michelle: 5. Azul.

Sophie: 6. ¿Te gusta este?

Michelle: 7. Sí, voy al probador.

Sophie: 8. ¡Ya sé con qué tipo de zapatos lo puedes combinar!


1. Translate the dialogue


Respuestas correctas: …/16 (2 puntos por cada respuesta correcta)

2. Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo: conjugate the verbs in the brackets


  1. Mi abuelo se … Alfonso. (llamar)
  2. En invierno yo siempre … a esquiar. (ir)
  3. Todas las noches Miguel y Andrea siempre … la televisión. (mirar)
  4. El perro de Sofía … marrón. (ser)
  5. Vosotros … mis mejores amigos en el jardín. (ser)
  6. Tú … siempre los deberes. (hacer)
  7. Mis sobrinos … siempre cuando … pequeños. (hablar, ser)
  8. Antes yo … un gato. (tener)
  9. … mucha gente. (haber)
  10. Cuando tú … tres años, siempre … helado en verano. (tener, comer)

Respuestas correctas: …12

3. Translate the following sentences

  1. When I used to live alone, I went to the supermarket once a week.
  2. I always went to the library when I was a student.
  3. I had many toys when I was a child.
  4. I always wanted a cup of coffee when I used to wake up early.
  5. I used to buy new clothes every week.
  6. We were very sensitive before.

Respuestas correctas: …/6





Uruguay is a small country but it’s a very beautiful place. It has fancy beaches in Punta del Este (a lot of famous people go there on holidays), many historical places such as Colonia del Sacramento and great landscapes. People are very polite and doing shopping there is very cheap. This nation has many things in common with Argentina (they’re very very close and they share La Plata River) such as words, expressions and customes but it’s quieter than its neighbourhood.

Uruguay es un país pequeño pero es un lugar muy bonito. Tiene playas elegantes en Punta del Este (muchos famosos van allí de vacaciones), muchos lugares históricos como Colonia del Sacramento y paisajes hermosos. La gente es muy educada e ir de compras allí es muy barato. Esta nación tiene mucho en común con Argentina (están muy muy cerca y comparten el Río de la Plata) como palabras, expresiones y costumbres pero es más tranquila que su vecina.



Read newspapers or magazines in Spanish. If you can’t find them at the newsstand, look for their Internet versions. You can also read blogs or books in Spanish. The choice depends on your interests: try to read about something entertaining for your tastes. Don’t worry if you don’t understand everything; it’s important to comprehend the general meaning. If you have time and patience, annotate the new words or the new expressions you learn.

Lee periódicos y revistas en español. Si no los consigues en el kiosco, busca sus versiones en Internet. También puedes leer blogs o libros en español. La elección depende de tus intereses: trata de leer sobre temas que llamen tu atención. No te preocupes si no lo entiendes todo; es importante comprender el sentido general. Si tienes tiempo y paciencia, anota las palabras y las expresiones nuevas que aprendes.



1. Shall we go to the clothes shop?/Ok/I want to buy a dress for tonight’s party/What color do you want?/Blue/Do you like this one?/Yes, I do. I go to the fitting room/I already know which are the right shoes for it!


3. Cuando vivía solo, iba al supermercado una vez a la semana/Siempre iba a la biblioteca cuando era un estudiante/Tenía muchos juguetes cuando era pequeño/Siempre quería una taza de café cuando me despertaba temprano/Compraba ropa nueva todas las semanas/Antes éramos muy sensibles

Respuestas correctas: …/34

If your right answers are 30/34, great job!

If your right answers are 25/30, not bad but you can do better!

If your right answers are less than 24, review the lesson and try again!

Lesson 9: ¿Qué falta en la nevera?

Lesson 9: ¿Qué falta en la nevera?

You’re going to find…

How to Conjugate Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo

Vocabulario: Estaciones (Seasons)



Something About Spain and South America and a Little Tip!


First Conjugation (-ar)

Yo -aba

Tú -abas

Él/Ella/Usted -aba

Nosotros-as -ábamos

Vosotros-as -abais

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes -aban

Second Conjugation (-er) and Third Conjugation (-ir)

Yo -ía

Tú -ías

Él/Ella/Usted -ía

Nosotros-as -íamos

Vosotros-as -iáis

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes –ían


Yo era

Tú eras

Él/Ella/Usted era

Nosotros-as éramos

Vosotros-as erais

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes eran

In the next lesson we’re going to learn the other irregular verbs.

Main uses

This tense has got many rules. We’re going to learn them all after the explanations about the pretérito indefinido because we can understand perfectly the both tenses making a comparison between them.

Something that was continuous in the past

Cuando era pequeña, jugaba con mis amigos todos los días.

When I was younger, I used to play with my friends every day.

Past Descriptions

Simona era la novia de Emanuel. Era alta, delgada y morena.

Simona was Emanuel’s girlfriend. She was tall, thin and dark-skinned.


Es/Estamos en…

Primavera (Spring)

Verano (Summer)

Otoño (Autumn)

Invierno (Winter)


¿Qué falta en la nevera?

Sophie y Mark van al supermercado…

Mark: 1. ¿Qué falta en la nevera?

Sophie: 2. Leche, jugo, pan, huevos, yogures, harina, jabón y café.

Mark: 3. ¿Compramos verduras también?

Sophie: 4. Vale. Compremos (imperative) tomates, lechuga, berenjenas y patatas.

Mark: 5. Compremos (imperative) fruta también.


1. Translate the dialogue

Respuestas correctas: …/10 (2 puntos por cada respuesta correcta)

2. ¿Qué falta en tu nevera? Make a list!

3. Translate the following text in Spanish (be careful with the pretérito imperfecto of ir: we haven’t learnt it yet; try to conjugate it and don’t worry if you’re wrong!)

1. When I was 10, in winter, 2. I used to wake up at 7 am, 3. I had breakfast 4. and I went to school. 5. At 3 pm I went home 6. and I made my homework. 7. Then I ate a snack, 8. I drank tea 9. and I met with my friends to play together. 10. At 7 pm I had dinner, 11. I had a bath, 12. I read a book 13. and I went to sleep. 14. In summer, I always went to the seaside 15. and I used to visit my grandmother.

Respuestas correctas: …/15



Many Spanish people don’t talk only Spanish. In this country there are some regions where people are bilingual. The other official languages are catalán (spoken in Catalonia), euskera (spoken in País Vasco) and gallego (spoken in Galicia). These languages have been banned under Franco so, today, all the bilingual people are very proud to use them in public life and not only privately. These languages are used in the education, in the media, in the cinema and in the literature.

Muchos españoles no hablan sólo español. En este país hay gente bilingüe. Los otros idiomas oficiales son el catalán (que se habla en Cataluña), el euskera (que se habla en el País Vasco) y el gallego (que se habla en Galicia). Esos idiomas fueron prohibidos por Franco entonces, hoy, la gente que es bilingüe es muy orgullosa de usar su segundo idioma en la vida pública y no sólo en privado. Esos idiomas se utilizan en la educación, en los medios, en el cine y en la literatura.


Seriesyonkis.com is a website where you can find tv shows and movies, above all from the USA. They’re in English with Spanish subs or dubbed into Spanish. Watch something: it’s a great exercise; if you watch a movie or a tv show in English with Spanish subs, you can learn new words, you can understand how to use them and how to spell them. If you watch a dubbed movie or a dubbed tv show, you can learn more about the pronunciation.

Seriesyonkis.com es una página web donde puedes encontrar series y películas, sobre todo de Estados Unidos. Están en inglés con subtítulos en español o dobladas al español. Mira algo: es un ejercicio muy útil; si miras una película o una serie en inglés con los subtítulos en español, puedes aprender nuevas palabras, puedes entender el contexto de uso de las palabras y su ortografía. Si miras una película o una serie doblada, puedes aprender más sobre la pronunciación.


1. What’s missing in the fridge?/Milk, juice, bread, eggs, yogurts, flour, soap and coffee/Shall we buy vegetables too?/Ok. Let’s buy tomatos, lettuce, eggplants and potatoes/Let’s buy fruit too

3. Cuando tenía 10 años, en invierno,/me levantaba a las 7 de la mañana/desayunaba/e iba a la escuela./A las 3 de la tarde volvía a casa/y hacía los deberes/Luego merendaba,/bebía té/y me encontraba con mis amigos para jugar juntos./A las 7 de la noche cenaba,/me bañaba,/leía un libro/y me acostaba./En verano, iba siempre al mar/y visitaba a mi abuela.

Respuestas correctas: …/25

If your right answers are 20/25, congratulations!

If your right answers are 16/19, good job but, if you’re not sure about some topics, review them.

If your right answers are less than 15 maybe you’ve missed something!

Lesson 8: ¡Me duele la cabeza!

Lesson 8: ¡Me duele la cabeza!

You’re going to find…

¿Por o para? Some explanations… (Second Part)

Something about Pretérito Imperfecto de Indicativo

Vocabulario: El Cuerpo Humano (The Human Body)



Something About Spain and South America and a Little Tip!




When do we use para?

–          it can be translated as “for” to indicate an intention or a purpose

Examples: Una carta para ti. (A letter for you)

Champú para cabello seco. (Shampoo for dry hair)

–          it’s used in order to express a point of view (“if you ask me…”)

Example: Para mi tienes razón. (If you ask me, you’re right)

–          it’s used to indicate a direction

Example: Voy para tu casa. (I go to your house)

–          it’s used to mark a date

Example: El trabajo estará listo para el lunes. (The job will be ready by Monday)

These are the most common uses. We’re going to learn new rules about it in the future.


The pretérito imperfecto de indicativo is used in order to…

… talk about something we used to do in the past, something that was habitual and regular in the past

…describe something continuous or progressive in the past

…describe an action that was happening at the same time something else was happening in the past

In the next lesson, we’re going to learn how to conjugate it.


Pelo – Hair

Cara – Face

Orejas – Ears

Frente – Forehead

Ojos – Eyes

Cejas – Eyebrows

Pestañas – Eyelashes

Nariz – Nose

Boca – Mouth

Lengua – Tongue

Labios – Lips

Mejillas – Cheeks

Dientes – Teeth

Barbilla – Chin

Cuello – Neck

Espalda – Back

Pecho – Breast

Barriga – Belly

Brazos – Arms

Muñecas – Wrists

Manos – Hands

Uñas – Nails

Piernas – Legs

Rodillas – Knees

Pies – Feet

Piel – Skin


Michelle has got a terrible headache and she goes to a doctor…

Michelle tiene un terrible dolor de cabeza y va a ver a un doctor…

Michelle: 1. Buenos días.

Doctor García: 2. Buenos días. 3. Cuénteme, 4. ¿cuál es su problema?

Michelle: 5. Me duele mucho la cabeza. 6. He tomado remedios 7. pero todavía me duele.

Doctor García: 8. ¿Qué tipo de remedios ha tomado?

Michelle: 9. Unos analgésicos.

Doctor García: 10. ¿Tiene otros síntomas?

Michelle: 11. Sí, también tengo gripe.

Doctor García: 12. Vale. Ahora le preparo una receta. 13. ¿Cómo se llama?

Michelle: Michelle Smith.

Doctor García: 14. ¿Cuál es su fecha de nacimiento?

Michelle: 15. 29 de agosto de 1991.


1. Translate the dialogue (key at the end of the lesson). Maybe you will find something new. I’m sure you’ll figure it out! You don’t have to translate literally, try to understand the general meaning

Respuestas correctas: …/30 (2 puntos por cada respuesta correcta)

2. Write the new expressions you’ve found in the dialogue and memorize them


3. ¿Por o para?

  1. ¿ … qué sirve estudiar?
  2. Mañana te llamo … teléfono.
  3. Cada día escribo una carta … ti.
  4. … mi es importante leer siempre el periódico.
  5. … la nieve me tengo que quedar en casa.
  6. Cinco … seis es treinta.
  7. Este cuento fue escrito … mi hermana.
  8. ¿ … quién vas a votar?
  9. Estos trabajos son … mañana.
  10. ¿ … dónde entramos?
  11. Trabajáis … muchas horas.

Respuestas correctas: …/22 (2 puntos por cada respuesta correcta)

5. Write 5 sentences with por and 5 sentences with para



Spanish language is the third most spoken language in the world not only because it’s many people’s mothertongue. There are many immigrants who speak Spanish, so they spread their language throughout the world. Many people think it’s very charming and they want to learn it; other people have to study it because of business reasons. Many languages are dying but Spanish is alive and it’s one of the languages of the future.

El español es el tercer idioma más hablado en el mundo y eso no pasa sólo porque es la lengua materna de muchas personas. Hay muchos inmigrantes que hablan español y ellos difunden su idioma en todo el mundo. Muchas personas piensan que es un idioma encantador y por eso quieren aprenderlo; otras tienen que estudiarlo por razones de negocios. Muchos idiomas están muriendo pero el español sigue vivo y es uno de los idiomas del futuro.


Listen to Spanish music. You can choose between many kinds of music and between different countries. Repeating the lyrics, you can learn many new words and expressions and you’ll use them automatically. Moreover, you can see how words and expressions change in the different countries since there are many variations of the language.

Escucha música española. Puedes elegir entre muchos géneros musicales y entre varios países. Repitiendo las letras, puedes aprender muchas palabras y expresiones nuevas que usarás automáticamente. Además, puedes ver como cambian las palabras y las expresiones en los varios estados ya que hay muchas variantes del idioma.


1. 1. Good morning/2. Good morning/3. Tell me/4. What’s your problem?/5. I’ve got a terrible headache/6. I’ve taken some medications/7. but it still hurts/ 8. What kind of medications have you taken?/9. Some analgesics/10. Do you have any other symptoms?/11. Yes, I’ve also got the flu/12. Ok. Now I fill a prescription/13. What’s your name?/14. When were you born?/15. August 29, 1991.

3. para/por/para/para/por/por/por/por/para/por/por

Respuestas correctas: …/52

If your right answers are 45/52, great job!

If your right answers are 38/44, try to understand where you made mistakes.

If your right answers are less than 37, review the lesson and try again!

Lesson 7: Mi Casa

Lesson 7: Mi Casa

You’re going to find…

¿Por o para? Some explanations… (First Part)

Irregular Verbs of This Lesson: Double Irregularity Verbs (Tener/Venir/Decir/Oír)

Vocabulario: Casa



Something about Spain and South America and a little tip!




Both por and para can be translated as for. In this lesson we’re going to learn how to use por and in the next lesson we’re going to understand when we should use para.

When do we use por?

–          to express the cause of something. Sometimes por is translated as because of

Example: No voy a dar un paseo por la lluvia. (I won’t go out for a walk because of the rain.)

–          por indicates the means

Example: Te llamo por teléfono. (I call you over the phone.)

–          por is used for the multiplications

Example: Dos por tres (es) seis. (Two times three is six.)

–          por indicates the agent of an action (something or somebody) and it can be translated as by

Example: Música compuesta por Beethoven. (Music composed by Beethoven.)

–          por expresses an objective

Example: Lucho por mis ideales. (I fight for my ideals.)

–          por indicates choices and feelings

Example: Voy a votar por Luis. (I’m going to vote for Luis).

–          por can be translated as through

Example: Entro por la ventana. (I come in through the window.)

–          por indicates a lapse of time

Example: He estado trabajando en tu oficina por muchos años. (I’ve been working in your office for many years.)

These are the most common rules: there are other uses but we’re going to learn them in the future.


Tener (To Have, we already know this verb)

Yo tengo


Él/Ella/Usted tiene

Nosotros-as tenemos

Vosotros-as tenéis

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes tienen

Venir (To Come)

Yo vengo


Él/Ella/Usted viene

Nosotros-as venimos

Vosotros-as venís

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes vienen

Decir (To Say)

Yo digo


Él/Ella/Usted dice

Nosotros-as decimos

Vosotros-as decís

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes dicen

Oír (To Hear)

Yo oigo


Él/Ella/Usted oye

Nosotros-as oímos

Vosotros-as oíd

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes oyen

The first irregularity affects the first-person singular and the second irregularity affects the second-person singular, the third-person singular and the third person plural.


¿Dónde vives?

(Where do you live?)

Vivo en una casa/Vivo en un piso/departamento

(I live in a house/I live in a flat/apartment)

En mi casa hay … habitaciones

(In my house there are … rooms)










(Cuarto de) baño





Salón/Sala de estar














Michelle, Luke, Mark y Sophie están buscando una nueva casa…

Michelle, Luke, Mark and Sophie are looking for a new house…

Sophie: 1. Chicos, escuchad este anuncio: 2. “alquilo una casa en el centro de Madrid con cuatro dormitorios, cocina, cuarto de baño, salón y pequeño jardín”.

Mark: 3. Parece muy interesante. 4. ¿Cuánto sale el alquiler mensual?

Sophie: 5. Sale 1.000 euros.

Ejercicios (key at the end of the lesson)

1. Translate the dialogue

Respuestas correctas: …/10 (2 puntos por cada respuesta correcta)

2. ¿Y tú dónde vives? ¿Cuántas habitaciones tiene tu casa?


3. Write 10 sentences using por

4. Write the right form of tener, oír, venir, decir

  1. No puedo … lo que estás diciendo.
  2. ¿Qué … en tu mano?
  3. María y César … que están bien.
  4. ¿Por qué Mía no … conmigo?
  5. Vosotros … muchos amigos.
  6. ¿Melissa y Alberto cuándo … a mi casa?
  7. Nosotras … muchos ruidos.
  8. Tú … cosas inteligentes.
  9. Eliana no … ninguna teoría.
  10. ¿(Tú) me …?

Respuestas correctas: …/10

5. Write in Spanish the names of five objects you can find in each room of your house. If you don’t know their names, imagine them, then look for them in a dictionary: that’s a good exercise for your lexical skills!



In Spain there are many bars: there you can eat tapas and have a drink. You can also visit different bars in one night. In the bars people can smoke and the floors are often dirty but don’t worry: it’s the custom! It’s normal to throw everything on a bar floor!

En España hay muchos bares: allí puedes comer tapas y tomar algo. También puedes visitar diferentes bares en una sola noche. En los bares la gente puede fumar y muchas veces los suelos están sucios pero no te preocupes: ¡esa es una costumbre española! ¡Es normal tirar todo al suelo en un bar!


You can read comics to improve your language skills. Comics are perfect for the new learners; they’re very helpful because they allow you to associate images and words so it will be so much easier to remember a word.

Puedes leer cómics para mejorar tus habilidades lingüísticas. Los cómics son perfectos para los nuevos estudiantes y ayudan bastante porque te permiten asociar imágenes y palabras: de esa manera va a ser mucho más simple acordarte de una palabra.


1. Guys, listen to this advertisement/I rent a house in the center of Madrid with four bedrooms, one kitchen, one bathroom, one living room and a small garden/It seems very interesting/How much does the monthly rental cost?/It’s 1.000 euros.

4. oír/tienes/dicen/viene/tenéis/vienen/oímos/dices/tiene/oyes

Respuestas correctas: …/20

If your right answers are 16/20, excellent!

If your right answers are 13/15, not bad but look carefully at your mistakes.

If your right answers are less than 12, review the lesson and try again!